Ashura is the tenth day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. On Ashura day, Imam Husayn, the holy prophet Muhammad’s grandson and all 72 of his companions including his six-month-old infant, Hazrat Ali Asghar, were killed in the battle of Karbala.
what is Ashura?
In the month of Muharram 61 AH (approx. 20 October 680 AD), an event took place in Iraq at a place known as Kerbala on the bank of the river Euphrates. It seemed in those days insignificant from the historical point of view. A large army which had been mobilised by the Umayyad regime besieged a group of persons numbering less than a hundred and put them under pressure to pay allegiance to the Caliph of the time and submit to his authority. The smallgroup resisted and a severe battle took place in which they were all killed.
Imam Hussein went to Mecca and stayed there for four months. He visited different groups and wrote a lot of letters to Kufa, Basra, and to individuals. He went on apilgrimageto Kaba and he visited the tombs of diseased predecessors; he went to the Aboutalib Cemetery and visited the graves of his great grandfather, Aboutaleb (A.S), and his great grandmother, Khadijeh (SA). He said his prayers right there